Medical Assisting - Associate of Applied Science
Students in Medical Assisting are cross-trained with skills and knowledge in front office administrative, clinical, and limited laboratory procedures that are designed to assist healthcare practitioners in administering to the needs of patients. Selected administrative skills include scheduling, medical office accounting systems, medical coding and billing, and electronic medical records. Some of the clinical skills the student will learn include assisting with medical examinations, vital signs, administering medications and injections (under supervision), sterilizing instruments and electrocardiography. Laboratory skills will include venipuncture (under supervision), and performing selected CLIA-waived laboratory tests. Additionally, Medical Assisting students will become acquainted with the laws and regulations governing medicine in the ambulatory setting, as well as ethical issues being confronted in the health care arena. The program is designed to prepare the student for an entry-level position in Medical Assisting.
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What is Medical Assisting?
Medical Assistants (MAs) work alongside licensed healthcare providers, primarily in outpatient or ambulatory care facilities, such as medical offices and clinics, performing administrative and/or clinical duties.
Medical Assisting is one of the careers that is growing at a much faster than average rate for all occupations according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. This job growth is attributed to the following factors:
- Predicted surge in the number of healthcare provider offices and outpatient care facilities
- Technological advancements
- Growing number of elderly Americans who require medical treatment
MAs are cross-trained to perform a broad spectrum of administrative and clinical duties. The following is a brief overview of the many tasks and duties an MA routinely performs (these vary from medical practice-to-medical practice depending on practice location, practice size, practice specialty, and state law):
Administrative Duties (may include, but not limited to):
- Using computer applications, including an electronic medical record (EMR)
- Answering telephones
- Scheduling patient appointments
- Greeting patients
- Maintaining a clean, safe, and pleasant patient lobby area
- Updating patient medical records
- Diagnostic and procedural coding of patient visits
- Completing and submitting insurance claims to third party payers
- Arranging for hospital admissions and laboratory services
- Handling correspondence, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and general bookkeeping tasks
Clinical Duties (may include, but not limited to):
- Obtaining patient medical histories
- Explaining treatment procedures to patients
- Preparing patients for examination, including transferring patients from a wheelchair to an exam room table and vice versa
- Assisting the provider during physical exams
- Collecting and preparing laboratory specimens
- Performing basic laboratory tests
- Instructing patients about medication and special diets
- Preparing and administering medications as directed by a licensed healthcare provider
- Authorizing prescription refills as directed by a licensed healthcare provider
- Drawing blood (venipuncture)
- Performing electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Removing sutures and changing dressings
MAs must be able to alternately stand and sit for long periods of time (up to 10 hours per day), lift up to 50 pounds regularly, possess excellent vision (with or without correction), possess excellent hearing, possess excellent manual dexterity, and maintain overall good health through healthy lifestyle choices to ensure they can safely and competently perform the various duties within the Medical Assistant Scope of Practice.
Medical Assistants are instrumental in helping patients feel at ease in the medical office, and often explain the healthcare provider’s instructions to the patient and family or caregivers.
PCMH Team Member
Medical Assistants are essential members of the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) team. According to a survey by the Healthcare Intelligence Network, MAs rank as one of the top five professionals necessary to the PCMH team.
After completing the Medical Assisting Program, an MA will qualify to work alongside licensed healthcare providers in medical offices and clinics, at a health insurance company, a home care agency, as a phlebotomist, or an ECG technician. With some additional schooling or experience (depending on the field), an MA could work as a laboratory assistant, a limited radiologic technician (some states don’t require additional schooling or licensing), or even a Medical Assisting instructor! Medical Assisting can be a good springboard job into other careers. For example, many Physician Assistant programs require clinical experience and accept MA work experience as fulfilling that requirement.
Contact the Health Professions Administrative Associate or Department Chair at the information below to discover whether a career in Medical Assisting is right for you!
Medical Assisting – at the Heart of Healthcare!
Entrance and Program Requirements
Acceptance into the Medical Assisting (MA) Program requires the completion of the application. You may apply at any time as long as you have met the following:
- required coursework,
- successful matriculation through the program, and
- the minimum physical requirements (see below) to perform the various MA functions in lab and in the workplace.
Grade Requirements: Students must earn a ‘C’ or higher in the Medical Assisting core courses (see the Course Catalog at the link below for the listing of these courses). MA core courses may not be attempted more than twice; students must pass the core course with a ‘C’ or higher on the second attempt in order to continue in the MA Program.
Computer Competence: Students must also demonstrate computer competence.
Physical Requirements: Students must be able to alternately stand and sit for long periods of time (up to 10 hours per day), lift up to 50 pounds regularly, possess excellent vision (with or without correction), possess excellent hearing (with or without correction), and possess excellent manual dexterity. Students are encouraged to maintain overall good health through healthy lifestyle choices to ensure they can safely and competently perform the various duties within the Medical Assistant Scope of Practice.
Lab Requirement: Prior to beginning AHMA 201 Clinical Procedures 1, students will complete a variety of requirements to ensure student safety during courses and the administrative/clinical externship experience. These requirements include up-to-date immunization status (Tdap, varicella, hepatitis B, MMR), PPD testing, a clear background check, and CPR/AED certification.
Externship: The Medical Assisting Externship is the capstone course of the MA Program and is completed during the student’s final semester in the program. It is a 200-hour administrative (front office) and clinical (back office) experience which provides the MA student the opportunity to apply their medical assisting skills in a fully functioning medical office. The Medical Assisting porgram director coordinates the externship experience for all MA program students.
Contact the Health Professions Administrative Associate or Program Director at the information below to discover whether a career in Medical Assisting is right for you!
Medical Assisting – at the Heart of Healthcare!